What is CBD?

Cannabinoids are naturally occurring organic chemical compounds found in many flowering plants such as daisies and coneflower to plants like liverwort and such common foods as chocolate and black pepper.  The most talked about cannabinoids are found in hemp and related plants, with cannabidiol, or CBD, having the greatest interest. All mammals have an endocannabinoid system which regulates the senses, such as mood (anxiety, depression, euphoria), pain (headaches, cancer), memory (alertness, focus), appetite and inflammatory issues (arthritis, lupus, irritable bowel syndrome).  CBD seems to work within the white matter of the brain and the entire body as a bridge between body and mind as it assists neurotransmitters working with, mainly, our immune system, with strong impact on a series of functions from feelings and mood to pain perception and movement.  CBD apparently awakens and heightens the ability of connective tissues and nerves bringing the body much closer to homeostasis, or balance.  CBD has anti-inflammatory, anti-convulsant, anti-psychotic and neuroprotective effects while being neither intoxicating nor addictive.  It is one of the most promising new finds of an otherwise ancient plant.




CBDa: Cannabidiolic Acid

Cannabidiol that selectively inhibits the COX-2 enzyme, contributing to cannabidiol’s anti-inflammatory effects.


CBD: Cannabidiol (CAN-ah-buh-dial)

It is believed CBD’s mechanism of action is mediated by other receptors in the brain and body.  This is believed to be the cannabinoid with the greatest therapeutic potential, creating homeostasis. 


CBG: Cannabigerol

A non-psychoactive cannabinoid with anti-bacterial effects that are thought to kill or slow bacterial growth, reduce inflammation, inhibit cell growth in tumor/cancer cells and promote bone growth.


CBDv: Cannabidivarin

One of many cannabinoids found in hemp, which recent studies have shown promise for its use in the management of epilepsy.


Cannabinoid (cuh-NAB-uh-noid)

Organic, chemical compound found in industrial hemp and other plants.



The biological system within humans (and other mammals) containing cannabinoid receptors, dealing mainly with the central nervous system and immune system.


Entourage Effect

Concept and proposed mechanism by which non-psychoactive compounds (CBD) in cannabis regulate the overall psychoactive effects of the plant.  The theory that all CBDs (full-spectrum) and psychoactive compounds are stronger when they work together, even at a small ratio.


Industrial Hemp

A low, to zero-THC cannabis which is native to Europe and Russia dating back as far as 8,000 BC.  Many scholars accept that it is its own species due to its unique traits and phenotypes which distinguish if from cannabis indica and cannabis sativa. Industrial hemp fiber has over 25,000 documented uses including paper, canvas, boat sails, clothing, shoes, carpet, twine, fish nets, fiberboard, insulation, mulch, filters, cardboard, erosion control, foods for both human and animal consumption, body oils and lotions, cosmetics, soap, oils for candles and lanterns, paint, varnish, detergent, ink, plastics, cement, bio-fuels, cat litter, medicines and possibly thousands more.


Terpene  (tur-PEEN)

Natural oil secreted by trichomes that present flavor and smell of the plant, found in essential oils and other oils of plants.



A liquid CDB-oil extract that can be ingested orally. Usually dispensed from an eye-dropper.



Lotion, salve or cream that is applied directly to the skin.



Small glands on the flowers and main fan leaves of plants.